I wonder how much trouble I would get in if I hung this in my classroom when I become a history teacher
This is incredible
Zenobia – Queen of the Palmyrene Empire
Zenobia had married Septimius Odaenathus, the King of Palmyra, by 258; she was his second wife. … Around 266, Zenobia and Odaenathus had a son, his second child, Lucius Julius Aurelius Septimius Vaballathus Athenodorus.
In 267, Zenobia’s husband and stepson were assassinated. The titled heir, Vaballathus, was only one year old, so his mother succeeded her husband and ruled Palmyra. Zenobia bestowed upon herself and her son the honorific titles of Augusta and Augustus. Zenobia conquered new territories and increased the Palmyrene Empire in the memory of her husband and as a legacy to her son. Her stated goal was to protect the Eastern Roman Empire from the Sassanid Empire, for the peace of Rome; however, her efforts significantly increased the power of her own throne.
In 269 Zenobia, her army, and the Palmyrene General Zabdas violently conquered Egypt with help from their Egyptian ally, Timagenes, and his army. The Roman prefect of Egypt, Tenagino Probus and his forces, tried to expel them from Egypt, but Zenobia’s forces captured and beheaded Probus. She then proclaimed herself Queen of Egypt. After these initial forays, Zenobia became known as a “Warrior Queen”. In leading her army, she displayed significant prowess: she was an able horse rider and would walk three or four miles with her foot soldiers.
Zenobia, with her large army, made expeditions and conquered Anatolia as far as Ancyra or Ankara and Chalcedon, followed by Syria, Palestine, and Lebanon. In her short-lived empire, Zenobia took the vital trade routes in these areas from the Romans. Roman Emperor Aurelian, who was at that time campaigning with his forces in the Gallic Empire, probably did recognise the authority of Zenobia and Vaballathus; however, this relationship began to break down when Aurelian began a military campaign to reunite the Roman Empire in 272–273. Aurelian and his forces left the Gallic Empire and arrived in Syria. The forces of Aurelian and Zenobia met and fought near Antioch. After a crushing defeat, the remaining Palmyrenes briefly fled into Antioch and then into Emesa.
Zenobia was unable to remove her treasury at Emesa before Aurelian successfully entered and besieged the city. Zenobia and her son escaped Emesa by camel with help from the Sassanids, but they were captured on the Euphrates River by Aurelian’s horsemen. Zenobia’s short-lived Egyptian kingdom and the Palmyrene Empire had ended.
Description from Wikipedia. Painting by Herbert Gustave Schmalz.
1. Igor Stravinsky, New York, NY (1946)
2. Francis Bacon (1975)
3 . Aaron Copland, Peekskill, NY (1959)
4. Arthur Miller, New York, NY (1947)
5. Georgia O’Keeffe, Ghost Ranch, NM (1968)
6. Man Ray, Paris, France (1948)
7. Otto Frank, Father of Anne Frank, Amsterdam, The Netherlands (1960)
8. Jackson Pollock, Long Island, NY (1949)
9. Marcel Duchamp, New York, NY (1966)
10. Alberto Giacometti, Paris, France (1954)
It’s like a game of how many times I can apologize for flooding your dashes with shit that is not relevant to this blog, goddamn.
Billy Joel - We Didn’t Start The Fire
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Educate yourselves, buckos.